How to become a web developer? 10 tips and step by step tutorial

how to become a web developer

Web has become a part of our daily life. You probably have a phone that has a web browser and with an internet connection, you probably access many online websites such as various newspapers, music, social sharing websites. All of the websites that you visit are made by web developers. Web world is much larger than you imagine. There are almost more than 4 million websites are live hosted today and it’s continuously growing rapidly. Every mid-size or higher-size company in almost every country now has a website or goes toward to build a website for its businesses. All these websites need to built and maintained by web developers. So, the demand for Web developers is very high. In this post, we discussed what are skills that you should achieve to become a successful web developer. Here all given resources are free.

What is a Web Developer?

The websites that you browse, order products from online, reading newspapers, almost everything we do on the internet is made possible by the web developers who design, build those pages. That means web developers are responsible for every website that you visit.

How to become a web developer?

web developers skill

Roles of Web Developer

There are generally three types of web developer:

  • Front-End Developers: are basically does the user interactions design such as creates layout, features, and appearance of the site or application. Everything you see or interact directly is built by Front-end developers. 
  • Back-End Developers: are more of the type of person who works from behind. All design that are build by Front-End developers is made functioned by Back-end developer. For example, Front-end developers built a Registration page but it won’t work without help Back-end developers. That registration page data is saved on the server done by a back-end developer.
  • Full-Stack Developers: have skill of front-end and back-end both. Since they can do both, their demand is high. Full-stack developers are highly respected (Highly paid). But it takes time to become a full-stack developer.
  • Which one should I choose among the list?

    It’s totally up to you. Find your passion, obsession or specialty and what are you good at. Front-end is easier and amusing than Back-end, therefore, the competition of front-end developers is higher. The back-end is also enjoyable and challenging for many people. So it’s better to choose wisely or you can end up getting bored. Also, you can learn both to become a Full-stack developer. In that case, I would suggest you start from Front-end.

    Front-end Roadmap

    To become a front-end developer, you basically need to learn these four things and some basics of graphic design, photoshop, SEO, UI/UX, etc.

    1. Learn HTML

    HTML5 skills for web development

    HTML(HyperText Markup Language) is not a programming language. HTML use to build the structure of a web page. It is just standard language to display web pages, consists of element which is represented by <> tags.
    Useful Resources 
    W3schools HTML Tutorial (Best and most popular free learning website in the world. Highly recommend for beginner.)

    2. Learn CSS

    css3 required skill for front-end develper

    CSS (Cascading style sheets) which is used for design or style the web page. Page layout, fonts style, website color all are done by CSS. It makes the website attractive and charming. After learning CSS, you should consider learning some CSS frameworks such as bootstrap, foundation, materialize, etc. Learning these CSS frameworks won’t take much time once you learn CSS.

    Useful Resources 

    W3schools CSS Tutorial ( Highly recommend for beginner)

    3. Learn JavaScript

    JavaScript skill for front-end developer

    3. JavaScript: is a programming language. JavaScript is not java as is commonly thought because of its name. Both had practically entirely different purposes in using. So don’t get mixed up JavaScript with Java. The demand for JavaScript is very high in recent days. It is used for determining the behavior of the website. It’s very important for you to learn it well to become a good web developer. One thing I will suggest to you When learning JavaScript, try to learn it as a programming language. Many people skip main concept of JavaScript when learning. Later, they end up being ineffective or unsuccessful. Angular, React JS, Vue Js are popular JavaScript  Frameworks, recommend to learn one of these frameworks after learning JavaScript.

    –jQuery is a framework of JavaScript. It is recommended not to learn it in 2019. 

    Useful Resources 

    W3schools JavaScript Tutorial (Highly recommend for a beginner. Even though some people say w3schools is outdated in js tutorial, uses bad practices. Yet it is considerate one good resource for learning JS. )

    Mozilla JavaScript Tutorial (Recommended for advanced JavaScript developer. This website update regularly it has good reviews.)

    4. Learn CMS

    Content management system

    CMS (Content Management system) arrange or manage contents of websites easily. As Front-end developers knowledge of CMS is essential but not mandatory. Most popular CMS is WordPress, it power almost 23% of websites on the internet. So you should consider learning some basic staff of WordPress. There are other many CMS too, such as Codeigniter, Drupal, Joomla, Magento, etc. 

    Useful Resources 

    TutorialsPoint WordPress tutorial 

    5. Learn Basic SEO and Graphics

    basic seo tutorial
    Basic seo

    Learn SEO, it is important to have basic concepts of SEO. Since almost 99 percent of the website gets traffic by doing SEO. 

    Basic function of Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Learning Basic UI/UX also essential.  Learning these two skills is not mandatory but learning it can help you in your further career.

    Back-End Roadmap

    To become a Back-End developer, you need to learn basic HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. And the following:

    1. Learn SQL

    SQL skill for back-end developers
    SQL Database management system

    SQL is a query language used for storing, manipulating, and retrieving data. It uses programming behavior syntax. So I highly recommend you to learn it after learning a programming language.

    Useful Resources 

    W3schools SQL Tutorial

    2. PHP or Python or Java or Node JS:

    Programming languages for becoming a web developer
    Programming languages

    Learn any programming languages from these. I would suggest you learning python. It’s the number one programming currently and also it’s pretty easy to learn than other languages. Node Js recommend for those who already know JavaScript well.

    Useful Resources 

    W3schools PHP Tutorial

    W3schools PythonTutorial

    W3schools Java Tutorial

    Node JS tutorial W3schools

    TutorialsPoint Java Tutorial

    3. Learn the Basics front-end:

    Basic HTML and CSS
    Basic HTML and CSS

    Learn the Basics front-end which means very basic features of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. You can exclude JavaScript. You don’t have to go too deep. Just learn the basic things of these languages. It won’t take much time. 

    Useful Resources 



    4. Learn Git

    Git skill for backend developers

    git is a version controlling system. Learning is essential due to its popularity and use.

    Useful Resources 

    TutorialsPoint Git Tutorial

    5. Learn JSON or XML API

    JSON or XML api

    5. JSON or XML API:  API stands for “Application Program Interface” which is a build block that can access specific features and uses by web developers to build software or applications. JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a text-based data exchanging format. JSON and XML (Xtensible Markup Language) do almost the same work. But JSON is comparatively easy, faster and human-readable. So, JSON is the one you should focus on.

    Useful Resources 

    W3schools JSON Tutorial

    W3schools XML Tutorial

    Final touch

    As a career web development is a fascinating one. You don’t need a university to degree to become a professional web developer. All you need is an enthusiastic and persistent mind to keep learning. I hope our post will help you on your journey. Good Luck.

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